As a member of the Association of Professional Genealogists, I abide by the APG Code of Ethics and Professional Practices (

I recommend that before anyone performs research, or hires someone to perform research, that one reads this “code”.  One can find the web page by going to, hovering your mouse over “About Us”, and clicking on “Code of Ethics”.

According to the web page (Association of Professional Genealogists, Code of Ethics and Professional Practices ( : accessed 30 March 2017), “The APG Code of Ethics and Professional Practices serves to promote: (1) a truthful approach to genealogy, family history, and local history; (2) the trust and security of genealogical consumers; and (3) careful and respectful treatment of records, repositories and their staffs, other professionals, and genealogical organizations and associations.”

Check it out!



Recently, I have been reading the book, “Among English Hedgerows”, by Clifton Johnson. (

I admit that I would probably not have thought to read this book had it not been on the CLSC (Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle) Book List (from 1914-1915).

However, am I so glad that I found it!

This book was published in 1899, and it is a “travel book” of sorts – it has wonderful photos that accompany the tour notes of a visit to England by an American gentleman.

Throughout the book, one learns “the way of life” of various English villages and cities during this time period.

Some of my ancestors resided in England before coming to the United States.  I have read other accounts of life in England, but never one that even talks about the villages of the Pilgrims, and particularly about William Brewster (my ancestor).

I myself have enjoyed, and learned, much while reading this book.  I highly recommend it to those who have English ancestors.


If you live close to Indianapolis, IN, I highly recommend the Indiana Genealogical Society Annual Meeting and Conference.

The conference will be held at the Indianapolis Public Library on April 8, from 9AM – 5PM.  Tony Burroughs will be the featured speaker, and there will also be speakers Tina Lyons, Ron Darrah, and Mauri Stotts Pratt.

Please visit the web page of IGS – – to register.  The deadline for pre-registration is April 4.


You have found the area where your ancestor lived in the mid 1800’s.  And, you have determined where it was that your ancestor went to church.  Where are the records?

Sometimes the exact same church will have the records that contain information concerning your ancestor.  However, sometimes it will not.

Did their church keep the records?  Or, were the records donated to a repository for records of the denomination?  Another possibility is that their church became a “part” of a larger congregation.  In this case, the “newer” church may have the records.


In the 1860 U. S. Census, there is a column that is labeled, “Married within the year”.  It could be that this notation will be the first, or only, indication as to when your ancestor married.

In the census image shown here, one can see that Elijah and Cashelia were married in the year preceding the 1860 census.  It could be that there is no other record of their marriage.









When encountering an abbreviation on a document, be careful about the meaning of the abbreviation. Over the years, abbreviations have changed.

One example is state abbreviations used in census records.

If the abbreviation for the state of birth is “Ia”, do you know what state it is signifying?  This may be Iowa, or it may be Indiana!

Be careful!


You have searched and searched for your ancestor, and you are not finding him. Maybe your ancestor was known by another name.

You may have an ancestor that was called by a different name than what you were told was his name.  The first name that you were told may have been John.  However, maybe John was his middle name, and others knew him by Richard (his real first name).