When you are looking for information, are you looking in the correct century?

Remember, the 18th century is those years in the 1700’s, not the 1800’s. The 19th century is those years in the 1800’s, and the 20th century is those years in the 1900’s. The 1st century was those years from year 1 to year 100.

Be careful!



You just “know” that your ancestor was residing in that county in 1860!  Where is he?

It could be that you ancestor was missed – his information was not recorded. There are various reasons for this possibly happening. If he was not at home when the census taker arrived, a neighbor may not have known much about him – his real name, what his age was, etc. Another reason is that your ancestor may have been avoiding the census – for some reason he did not want to “be found”. I am sure that there are many other reasons that he may not “be there”.


The state abbreviations have not always been what they are today.

Look at the following census page (1850 U.S. census, DeKalb County, Indiana, population schedule, Auburn, page 2 (penned); digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 October 2017), citing National Archives microfilm publication M432, roll 142).

Where was each person in the Poffenberger household born? Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Indiana, Indiana, Virginia, and Maryland. The state abbreviation used for Indiana is Ia. This may look familiar when you are looking at the state abbreviations for today – IA is the abbreviation for Iowa.






Be careful!


Have you a copy of the book, Evidence Explained?

I recommend that every genealogist, whether professional or not, have a copy of this book on their bookshelf, desk, or other easily accessible place. Not a day goes by that I do not access the book.

From the title page of the book, “Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace”, this book is a book of citations, but also much more.

Below is a scan of the inside-front-cover of the book. This simple chart reminds every one of the research process that is necessary when researching a family. There are sources, information, and evidence, which together aid in the analysis of the information. And thus, provide the proof of the information.

Also available are “Quicksheets” – laminated folders that have specific information – easier to carry with you then the book!

I am not getting any commission from these items.


If you discover that records were lost because of a courthouse fire, do not assume that EVERYTHING was destroyed.

It could be that some of the records were not destroyed.

I personally know of one county that had a courthouse fire, but not all of the records were destroyed. Some of the land records were in the shed at the home of the recorder!  So, those records were not lost.

Check out the FamilySearch Wiki on the county before determining whether or not there was a fire, and what records were destroyed. The wiki on Morgan County, Tennessee, specifies when there was a county fire, and what records were lost in each fire.


Do you know that the DePauw University, located in Greencastle, IN, is the repository for the Indiana United Methodist Archive?

This collection houses many records of the United Methodist Church in Indiana. Check out the website, http://www.depauw.edu/libraries/about/librarylocations/archives/methodism/. Anyone who has family that attended a United Methodist church in Indiana may be able to find information about the family in these records.


When accessing a database that is found online, make sure that you know what is included in the database.

When looking at a database at Ancestry.com, one usually finds, along with the database, a description of what is included.

Recently, when searching for the death record of someone who died in Indiana, I read the description of the database, and discovered that the database would not have the information that I was requesting – I wanted the death record for someone who died in a county that was not included in the database.

Do not assume that, just because the database is labeled something like “Indiana Deaths, 1850-1940”, every county in Indiana is included in the database.