When researching, do not assume that your female ancestor was not married before she became your ancestor. In census data, the age of your ancestor is considered to be very important. And, it is! Look at the age of your ancestor in the census. If this is the first census in which you have found her, and you have not been able to find her in the previous census (and her age shows that she would probably have been married in the previous census), she could have been married to someone else in the previous census. And, don’t assume that just because all of the children have the same last name as her current husband that he is the father of all of them. I have seen children’s names “change” from one census to the next – with the husband being the same in each census.

Be careful!