My name is Maggie Champion, and I was the sole proprietor of Maggie’s Genealogy Service.

I am now retired.

Enjoy the blog!



For those of you that have read my blog, and may receive this post, I am wondering if I should keep this blog.  At this time, I am thinking of removing the blog from the Internet.

If you don’t mind, please let me know your opinion.  I will keep or delete based on your feedback.

Thank you for reading my blog!  Maggie


Well, the day has come that was foretold in March of this year.

Today is the final day for this blog, as I am retiring.  (Just in case you are wondering, this is blog number 557.)

I want to thank each and every one of you for reading my blog!  Some have been with me from the very beginning (2012), some have joined recently, and some joined in-between.  I thank each of you for taking a part of your busy day to learn something, possibly new, about genealogy.

I wish all of you much success in discovering more about your ancestors, and thusly discovering more about you!



Do you know the difference between direct and indirect evidence?

According to Evidence Explained, 2nd ed., by Elizabeth Shown Mills, direct evidence is “relevant information that states an answer to a specific research question or appears to solve a research problem all by itself.”  Indirect evidence is “relevant information that does not answer the research question all by itself.  Rather, it has to be combined with other information to arrive at an answer to the research question.”

Take a look at this document.  This is one of the pages in the “Petition of Nathan Cole in the Matter of the Infant Children of Daniel Cole deceased.”  The date of the document is 17 February 1830.

What questions could be answered with this document?  What kind of evidence is given for answering these questions?










If we are asking who was the father of Mary Charlotte Cordelia Cole who was born in 1825 (information confirmed from other sources), this document is direct evidence that Daniel Cole was her father.   If we did not know for sure who the siblings were of Mary Charlotte Cordelia, this document is direct evidence who were her infant siblings.  (This document does not state that this was all of her siblings – just the infant siblings.)  Additionally, this document states who was to become the guardian of Mary Charlotte Cordelia and her siblings.  Joseph Cole was probably related to Daniel Cole, but the document does not state the relationship.  Other documents will need to be found to determine this relationship.  So, indirect evidence is also given in the document.

What other questions can be answered with this document?  Is the evidence direct or indirect?


If you feel “lost” in the research of your ancestor, what are some questions that may help in finding more about the ancestor?  If you know that you ancestor was residing in Stanford in 1870, these questions may help in discovering more about your ancestor.


Where was the nearest church?  Did you ancestor attend there?

Who were your ancestor’s neighbors?  Would any of there documents name your ancestor?

Where was the nearest cemetery?  Was your ancestor buried there?

What was the local government like in Stanford?  Is it possible that your ancestor worked in the government?

Was there a war going on at the time?  Did your ancestor enlist?

What was daily life like in Stanford?  What role did your ancestor play in this daily life?


There are even more questions that can be formulated to assist in learning more.  Questions may help!



Here is part of the”Personals” from the newspaper, “The Post-Crescent (Appleton, Wisconsin),” dated 1 November 1911.

If any of the people mentioned are your ancestor, you can learn quite a bit from what was printed in this portion of the newspaper.  One bit of information gleaned from this article is that Mrs. H. B. Smith, of Wellington, Kansas, was visiting her sister, Mrs. R. E. Carncross.  If you did not already know where it was that Mrs. H. B. Smith was residing on 1 November 1911, you now know that she was residing in Wellington, Kansas.  And, she had a sister, Mrs. R. E. Carncross, who was residing in Appleton, Wisconsin.


Make sure to read all of the newspaper, including the Personals section.